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About Travel Getting around. About Kassel.
Restaurants German. Today This week Exhibitions All Events. Directory Wellness. A short history of Kassel Kassel started off in the 10th century as a fortified settlement called Chassella near the bridge across the Fulda river, documents first mention the settlement in Inwith a population of aroundKassel became the capital of the Hesse landgraviate. Aroundunder Landgrave Karl I, construction work and planting began on the Bergpark to the west of the city, with the Hercules statue erected inafter a visit to a newly uncovered Hercules statue in Rome inspired the Landgrave.
The city's massive and modern fortifications were outdated and levelled bycreating space for rapid expansion. The Brothers Grimm lived in Kassel in the early 19th century and collected and wrote most of their fairy tales in the region. Industrialisation arrived inwhen Kassel and Hessen were part of Prussia; the famous Henschel factory east of the centre specialised in steam engines and built 12, of them.
West of the centre, elegant residential areas were developed in this period, and Kassel soon became a city ofresidents.
Construction of grand state buildings took flight, and from the s social housing, healthcare and sports facilities were added. After the rise of the Nazis in the s, Jews were gradually removed from public life. Kassel became a strong manufacturing and railway town, making it the base for a forced labour camps, and a prime target for Allied bombing raids. Kassel was most severely attacked on 22 Octoberwhen 20 minutes of bombing completely destroyed the old city centre, killing some 10, people. In April Kassel was captured by the American army after heavy street battles that caused even more destruction.
After the Second World War, city planners decided not to reconstruct historic old Kassel but to create a modern, accessible and car-friendly city — meaning the Altmarkt, formerly a quaint square surrounded by timber-framed houses, is now a ghastly 6-lane Kassel city people Kassel intersection.
Onthe positive side, Kassel has many well-kept and unique early s buildings and projects such as the pedestrianised Treppenstrasse. Several heavily damaged but monumental buildings like the Museum Fridericianum and Orangerie were restored in the decades following the war. Over the years, this grew to be the most important contemporary art festival in the world, and of major importance for the development of Kassel.
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.: City Kassel, Hessen